C C++

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  •  Characteristics of C
  •  C Program Structure
  •  Variables
  • Defining Global Variables
  • Printing Out and Inputting Variables
  •  Constants
  •  Arithmetic Operations
  •  Comparison Operations
  •  Logical Operators
  •  Order of Precedence
  •  The if statement
  •  The? Operator
  •  The switch Statement
  • The for statement
  •  The while statement
  •  The do-while statement
  •  Break and continue
  • Defining, initializing and using arrays
  •  Single and Multi-dimensional Arrays
  •  Arrays of Characters and Strings
  •  Arrays and pointers
  •  Strings
  • Role of Functions
  •  Passing arguments to functions
  •  Returning values from functions
  •  Recursive functions
  •  Call back functions
  •  Implications on Stack
  •  Pass by value / reference
  •  Passing Arrays to functions
  • Basic String handling functions
  •  String Searching
  •  Character Conversions and testing : <ctype.h>
  •  Memory Operations: <memory.h>
  • Structures
  •  Nested Structures
  •  Array of Structures
  •  Allocation of memory and holes
  •  Unions
  • Coercion or Type-Casting
  • Enumerated Types
  • Static Variables
  • Malloc, Sized, and Free
  • Calloc and Realloc
  • The purpose of pointers
  • Defining pointers
  • The & and * Operators
  • Pointer Assignment
  • Pointers with functions
  • Pointer Arithmetic
  • Advanced pointer types
  • Pointers to functions
  • Pointers to String
  • Pointers and Dynamic memory
  • Pointers and Structures
  • Common Pointer Pitfalls
    Not assigning a pointer to memory address before using it
    Illegal indirection
  • Scope
  • Internal
  • External
  • Automatic
  • Static
  • Scope and extent of parameters
  • Bitwise Operators
  • Bit Fields
    Bit Fields: Practical Example
    A note of Caution: Portability
  • #define
  • #undef
  • #include
  • #if – conditional inclusion
  • Preprocessor Compiler Control
  • Other Preprocessor Commands
  • String Conversion : <stdlib.h>
  • Arithmetic Functions
  • Random Numbers
  • String Conversion
  • Math Functions
  • Math Constants
  • Reporting Errors
    perror()
    errno
    exit()
  • Streams
    Predefined Streams
    Redirection
  • Basic I/O
    Formatted I/O
    Printf
  • Scanf
  • Files
    Reading and writing files
  • Sprintf and sscanf
    Stream Status Enquiries
  • Linked Lists
  • Stacks & Queues
  • Binary Tree
  • Insertion Sort
  • Merge Sort
  • Quick Sort
  • OOPS…!
  • Structured versus Object Oriented Development
  • Elements of Object Oriented Programming
  • Objects
  • Classes
  • Encapsulation
  • Data Abstraction
  • Inheritance
  • Polymorphism
  • Templates
  • Exception Handling
  • Scope resolution Operator
  • Variables aliases(reference variables)
  • Parameters passing by References
  • Inline functions
  • Function Overloading
  • Default Arguments
  • Introduction
  • Structures and Classes
  • Class specification
  • Class objects
  • Class, Objects and memory resources
  • Accessing class members
  • Defining Member Functions
  • Outside member functions as inline
  • Accessing member functions with in class
  • Data Hiding
  • Passing Objects as arguments
  • Friend Classes
  • Static data members
  • Static Functions
  • Introduction
  • Need of the Constructor
  • Parameterized constructor
  • Constructor overloading
  • Constructor with default arguments
  • Name less objects
  • Copy constructors
  • New and delete operators
  • Dynamic initialization through constructors
  • Introduction
  • Over loadable operators
  • Unary operator overloading
  • Operator return values
  • Name less Temporary Objects
  • Limitations of Increment and Decrement Operators
  • Binary Operator Overloading
  • Overloading New and Delete Operator
  • Comparison Operators
  • Data Conversion
  • Conversion between Datatypes
  • Conversion between basic and Objects
  • Conversion between Objects of different classes
  • Assignment operator overloading
  • Overloading with friend functions
  • Introduction
  • Derived class declaration
  • Forms of inheritance
  • Member Accessibility
  • Constructors in derived classes
  • Overloaded Member functions
  • Abstract classes
  • Multilevel Inheritance
  • Multiple Inheritances
  • Hierarchical Inheritance
  • Multipath Inheritance
  • Virtual Base Class
  • Hybrid Inheritance
  • Introduction
  • Need for virtual functions
  • Pointers of derived class objects
  • Definitions of Virtual Functions
  • Pure Virtual Functions
  • Dynamic Binding
  • Rules For virtual functions
  • Introduction
  • Function Templates
  • Overloaded Function Templates
  • Multiple Argument Function Templates
  • Class Templates
  • Class Templates with overloaded operators
  • Introduction
  • Error Handling
  • Exception Handling
  • Try, throw, catch
  • List of Exceptions
  • Specified, Unspecified exceptions
  • Handling Uncaught Exceptions
  • What are streams?
  • Console Streams
  • Unformatted, Formatted Console O/P
  • Creating(string) objects
  • Manipulating String Objects
  • Relational Operations
  • String Characteristics
  • Procedure-Oriented Development Tools
  • Object-Oriented Notations and Graphs
  • Steps in Object-Oriented Analysis
  • Steps in Object-Oriented Design
  • Implementation